The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8 (Russian: Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-8 «Утка») was a Soviet experimental aircraft of 1945.
Nicknamed Utka (“duck”), as the word canard (referring to its small forward wings) is French for “Duck”, the MiG-8 was an experimental aircraft designed and funded exclusively by MiG OKB for testing a fixed-wing aircraft with a smaller forward surface and a main lifting surface aftwards on the fuselage. This design has benefits in a jet-powered aircraft as it leaves the rear of the fuselage clear of interference from the jet’s exhausts. To test the concept the MiG-8 was powered by a Shvetsov M-11 five cylinder radial engine, with a pusher propeller.
The aircraft was used as a testbed in developing the swept wing of the MiG-15, and afterwards continued to fly as communications/utility aircraft for the OKB.
Being made of wood and fabric, it was very light and reportedly a favorite among MiG OKB test pilots for its docile, slow-speed handling characteristics.
|Prime contractor:||Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau|
|Country of origin:||Soviet Union|
|Power plant:||One 110 hp. M-11VM 5-cylinder air-cooled engine|
|Wing span:||31 ft. 2 in.||9.5 m.|
|Length||23 ft.||7 m.|
|Height:||8 ft. 2 in.||2.5 m.|
|Empty||1,408 lb.||640 kg.|
|Max. takeoff||2,530 lb.||1,150 kg.|
|Ceiling:||17,056 ft.||5,200 m.|
|Speed:||127 mph.||205 km/h.|
|Range:||310 miles||500 km.|