The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-8 (Russian: Микоян и Гуревич МиГ-8 «Утка») was a Soviet experimental aircraft of 1945.


Nicknamed Utka (“duck”), as the word canard (referring to its small forward wings) is French for “Duck”, the MiG-8 was an experimental aircraft designed and funded exclusively by MiG OKB for testing a fixed-wing aircraft with a smaller forward surface and a main lifting surface aftwards on the fuselage. This design has benefits in a jet-powered aircraft as it leaves the rear of the fuselage clear of interference from the jet’s exhausts. To test the concept the MiG-8 was powered by a Shvetsov M-11 five cylinder radial engine, with a pusher propeller.

The aircraft was used as a testbed in developing the swept wing of the MiG-15, and afterwards continued to fly as communications/utility aircraft for the OKB.

Being made of wood and fabric, it was very light and reportedly a favorite among MiG OKB test pilots for its docile, slow-speed handling characteristics.

MiG-8 Specification
Prime contractor: Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau
Country of origin: Soviet Union
Function: Experimental airplane
Crew: 1+2 passengers
Year: 1945
Power plant: One 110 hp. M-11VM 5-cylinder air-cooled engine
Wing span: 31 ft. 2 in. 9.5 m.
Length 23 ft. 7 m.
Height: 8 ft. 2 in. 2.5 m.
Empty 1,408 lb. 640 kg.
Max. takeoff 2,530 lb. 1,150 kg.
Ceiling: 17,056 ft. 5,200 m.
Speed: 127 mph. 205 km/h.
Range: 310 miles 500 km.
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